Partes de la mano - Health Library

Oct 20, 2022
Health Library

Introduction to Hand Anatomy

Welcome to Furstenberg Michael Dr's comprehensive health library article on the different parts of the hand. As a trusted provider of dental and oral care services, we believe in sharing knowledge about various aspects of human anatomy to help our patients understand the interconnected nature of our bodies. In this article, we will explore the intricate details of the hand, its structure, and the functions of each component.

The Skeletal Framework of the Hand

The human hand is composed of numerous bones that work together to enable a wide range of movements and functionality. The skeletal structure of the hand consists of the wrist, palm, and fingers. The wrist comprises eight small bones called carpals, arranged in two rows. These carpals articulate with the two forearm bones known as the radius and ulna. Moving towards the fingers, the palm consists of five long bones called metacarpals, one for each finger. These metacarpals connect to the distal phalanges, which form the joints responsible for finger movement.

The Different Parts of the Hand

1. The Palm

The palm, also known as the metacarpus, is the central part of the hand and forms the base for finger movement. It contains five metacarpal bones, labeled as the first metacarpal through the fifth metacarpal, starting from the thumb side and progressing towards the little finger. Each metacarpal bone connects to the corresponding proximal phalanx of the fingers, allowing for precise control and dexterity.

2. The Fingers

The fingers, also referred to as digits, play a crucial role in manual dexterity and fine motor skills. Each finger contains three phalanges, except for the thumb which has two. The phalanges are further categorized into proximal, middle, and distal phalanges. The proximal phalanges are the closest to the palm and connect to the metacarpals. The middle phalanges form the middle part of the fingers, while the distal phalanges are located at the fingertips. The arrangement of these phalanges allows for precise control and movement, aiding in grasping, holding, and manipulating objects.

3. The Thumb

The thumb distinguishes itself from the other fingers due to its unique structure. It consists of two phalanges, namely the proximal and distal phalanges. The thumb plays a crucial role in oppositional movement, enabling us to grasp objects with precision. This remarkable capability sets humans apart from many other species and is fundamental to our everyday tasks.

4. The Wrist

The wrist acts as the junction between the hand and the forearm. Composed of eight small carpal bones, it serves as a flexible joint, allowing movements such as flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction. The arrangement of these bones provides stability to the hand while allowing a wide range of motion.


Understanding the parts of the hand and how they contribute to its complex functionality is essential for grasping the importance of hand care. At Furstenberg Michael Dr, we believe in providing comprehensive information not only about dental health but also about related aspects of the human body. We hope this health library article has shed light on the intricate details of hand anatomy, helping you appreciate the remarkable capabilities and versatility of the human hand.

Melissia McKittrick
Este artículo es realmente fascinante, aprendiendo sobre las diferentes partes de la mano 💪 es una forma divertida de entender cómo funciona nuestro cuerpo. ¡Gracias por compartir esta información educativa! 👍
Nov 10, 2023
David Strobelt
¡Interesante y educativo!
Oct 7, 2023